16. Is it okay to change the format of something? Can I translate something?

 

Changing the format of a work – known as format shifting – can be an infringement of copyright.

On 1 October 2014, a private copying exception for format shifting was introduced into UK law to allow people to make copies on different media for their own use. However, following a judicial review filed against the UK government, on 17 July 2015 the High Court quashed the regulations introducing the exception. As a result, the private copying exception is no longer part of UK copyright law. You can find out more information about the private copying exception here.

In terms of a translation, UK law states that it is an infringement to adapt a work without permission, which includes a translation.

See: Section 21(3)(a)(i) Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

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